Gardener working with plants

Landscapers create and look after planting and other features in outdoor and indoor spaces, making the most of the land available and creating attractive environments. Outdoor spaces include:

  • Gardens
  • Housing estates
  • Parks
  • Sports grounds
  • Industrial sites.

Some Landscapers specialise in interior landscapes, producing displays of plants and water features to brighten buildings  such as shopping centres, offices and hospitals.

Landscaper tasks vary from project to project but can include:

  • Working from plans drawn up by a landscape architect or garden designer
  • Discussing plans, ideas and budgets with the client
  • Preparing the ground using equipment like mini-diggers, as well as spades and forks
  • Installing features such as paths, paved areas, statues, rock gardens or water features
  • Planting flowers, shrubs and trees, seeding lawns and laying turf
  • Advising clients on maintaining the plants and landscape, or returning at regular intervals to carry out ongoing maintenance.

Some Landscapers specialise in skills like paving, constructing rock or water gardens, or creating sports fields, creating greenroofs and living walls. Larger landscape companies carryout commercial landscape projects as well as maintaining the green areas in our towns and cities. Others may offer a wide range of general skills.

Landscapers use a range of hand and power tools including garden mowers, pruners, spades, forks, cement mixers, stone-cutting saws, chainsaws and climbing equipment.

On small projects Landscapers may work alone or with one or two other staff. On large projects they usually work in teams under the direction of a supervisor.

Working Conditions 

Landscapers usually work standard full-time hours but overtime including weekends is often required to meet schedules. Early starts are common. Temporary work may be available at busy times.

Many jobs involve working outside in all weather conditions, although interior landscapers work indoors. The work can be very heavy as it can involve digging, pushing loaded wheelbarrows and lifting paving slabs.

Landscapers wear protective clothing including overalls, gloves and safety boots, and use protective equipment such as ear protectors and hard hats when required.

A driving licence may be useful for travelling between sites. Some jobs involve staying away from home.



Salaries vary with experience, qualifications and between companies, but here's a guide to what you can expect.

Starting salary:


Ending Salary:



Getting started

There are opportunities for Landscapers throughout the UK. The majority are employed by landscape contractors and local authority parks departments.

Jobs are also available with heritage organisations, botanical gardens, private and public companies and large estates. Some landscapers are self-employed.

What experienced workers can do

  • Be able to create plant displays for either interior or exterior sites
  • Construct features for interior or exterior sites
  • Liaise with customers and suppliers
  • Be able to prepare and use relevant tools, equipment and machinery safely
  • Read plans and designs
  • Be able to use a range of IT systems.

Personal qualities you should have

  • Flexibility
  • Mobility
  • Friendly and approachable
  • Able to work in a team or on own.

Next steps

With experience and training, Landscapers may be able to move into supervisory roles. Qualifications such as a HNC/HND in Horticulture may be useful for landscapers who want to progress to landscape management roles.

With appropriate qualifications it may also be possible to move into training or teaching. Landscapers can also become self-employed.

Useful links

British Association of Landscape Industries

British International Golf Greenkeepers Association

Greenkeepers Training Committee

Horticulture Jobs

Horticultural Trades Association

Institute of Groundsmanship

Institute of Horticulture

My world of work

Royal Horticultural Society

Your next steps on the Landscaping career path

Landscape Supervisor also appears on these career paths: