Horse riding in school with instructor

Grooms will undertake all the practical horse care tasks of looking after horses on a daily basis to ensure that they remain healthy, happy and in good condition. 

They may also be responsible for exercising the horses each day.  This will include exercising from the ground, riding out on the road, inside and outside schooling on the flat and over fences. 


Grooms will have some degree of responsibility for dealing with people.  This may include interacting with customers and at racing and competition yards you would be expected to interact with the owners too. 

Some Grooms may also be expected to drive a horsebox, so a qualification would be useful. 

In studs and breeding yards, duties will also include:  

  • Caring for and preparing mares for covering
  • Attending to mares and foals during and after foaling
  • Working with stallions
  • Assisting with embryo transfer procedures
  • Assisting with artificial insemination procedures
  • Keep in close contact with owners
  • Maintaining the stud records.

 In riding schools and trekking centres grooms you may also have to:

  • Greet clients
  • Lead riders out on foot
  • Accompany riders on horseback. 

A Groom working in competition, hunting or racing yards, will prepare horses for events and may also accompany them.   

Working Conditions

Grooms work around 40 hours a week, but may work longer on occasions.  Part time and casual work may also be available.  Most of the work is outdoors, in all weather conditions.

There will be early mornings, late nights and weekend work.  Work can involve heavy lifting, carrying, bending, climbing and standing for long periods and stables can be dusty. 

Equestrian businesses are often a long way from town; sometimes in quite remote areas.  Therefore a driving licence may be useful.  Due to location and the nature of the job role, some grooms positions are ‘live-in’ and most involve travelling and staying away from home e.g. during competitions.



Salaries vary with experience, qualifications and between companies, but here's a guide to what you can expect.

Starting salary:


Ending Salary:



Getting started

Experience is an advantage, but training is usually provided.

What employers are looking for

  • People who are interested in the countryside who appreciate the different needs of public access by a wide range of users
  • People who are aware of management of land and potential issues or conflicts.  

What experienced workers can do

  • Maintain the health and well-being of equines
  • Maintain harness and saddles
  • Groom and clean a horse
  • Maintain your own health and safety and appropriate personal protective equipment required for this work
  • Be responsible under relevant animal health and welfare and health and safety legislation/codes of practice
  • Preparing horses for shows, racing or transport
  • Maintain records
  • Able to recognise signs of equine illnesses.

Personal qualities you should have

  • Have a genuine interest in horses and their welfare
  • Good communication skills
  • Good organisation skills
  • Flexible and adaptable
  • Self-motivated
  • Be able to work alone or as part of a team.

Next steps

With experience and relevant qualifications it is possible to progress to an Assistant Instructor Coach position. Career options depend on the size of the organisation, so you may have to move elsewhere.

Experienced Grooms may become:

Assistant Stud Manager or Yard Manager

  • Yard or Stud Manager
  • Riding Instructor.
  • Trainer
  • Jockey. 

Grooms wanting to become Riding Instructors can take BHS, ABRS or specific coaching qualifications.

There are also opportunities to work and train abroad.

Useful links

Association of British Riding Schools

British Grooms Association

British Horse Society in Scotland

British Horseracing Authority

My world of work

The British Racing School

The National Stud

Your next steps on the Riding instructor career path

Riding Instructor Coach also appears on these career paths: