Unit Manager

Agriculture worker

A Unit Manager on a farm is responsible for managing of all the sections within the unit, from breeding livestock to finishing. They may also be responsible for all of the Section Head staff members.

The type of farm will determine the kind of jobs the Unit Manager will undertake but it could include responsibility for daily tasks such as maintaining the health and welfare of livestock to preparing animals for sale or breeding.

Some farms buy in young livestock and rear them to replace their own animals, while other farms breed their own.  However, the Unit Manager will be responsible for:  

  • Planning and setting production targets, and budgets
  • Monitoring the quality of their produce and performance of the unit including health and welfare
  • Managing people, recruiting for the unit, managing and mentoring staff
  • Purchasing materials needed for the unit, such as animal feed
  • Ensuring the unit is operating within legal guidelines
  • Working with their vet to prepare and monitor health and welfare plans
  • Ensuring the waste from the unit is managed correctly.

On smaller farms, Unit Managers may be involved with general tasks such as feeding livestock, driving tractors and operating and repairing machinery

Working Conditions

Unit Managers generally work at least 39 hours a week but may need to do paid overtime during busy periods. Unit Managers may be required to cover for their Section Heads if necessary and help with particular tasks on the unit.

The working conditions will depend on the farm. Some farms keep livestock like pigs indoors all year, whereas other farms with cattle will keep their animals in for the wetter part of the year but put them out to grass in the summer months. 

Some farms grow crops which will need to be managed. Some farmers may do a mixture of production systems depending on their soil conditions, farm location, and the breed and ages of livestock they keep.



Salaries vary with experience, qualifications and between companies, but here's a guide to what you can expect.

Starting salary:


Ending Salary:



Getting started

You should enjoy working with livestock or crops. The normal route into this career is from a General Farm Worker to an Assistant Unit Manager or straight to a Unit Manager depending on the type and size of farm.

Although there are no set requirements, most Unit Managers would have a qualification in agriculture or a related subject and several years’ practical experience.

Land-based colleges run a range of relevant full-time and part-time qualifications and courses that can be taken before or during work.

The size of a farm has a direct relation to the number of specific roles and opportunities for employees to progress. There is competition for these vacancies and movement from farm to farm to gain experience and promotion is usual.

What experienced workers can do

  • Monitor and maintain the health, safety and security of the workplace
  • Purchase products or services for the land-based organisation
  • Promote and maintain the health and well-being of Livestock
  • Establish, implement and maintain hygiene and bio-security arrangements
  • Organise livestock/crop sales and purchases
  • Manage a budget
  • Plan what people the business needs
  • Carry out and implement plans for the business.

Personal qualities you should have

  • Self confidence
  • Attention to detail
  • Able to solve problems
  • Work in a team and with others
  • Flexibility
  • Use own initiative.

Next steps

With the right qualifications and further experience in other farm businesses and enterprises, a Unit Manager could gain promotion to a Farm Manager, with ultimate responsibility for the unit as well as other farm enterprises.

All agricultural workers need to keep up-to-date with the latest developments in their sector. For those wishing to progress into farm management, a degree course in subjects such as agriculture or farm management may also be an option.

There may also be opportunities to work abroad.

Industry links

British Institute of Agricultural Consultants

My world of work

National Farmers Union Scotland

Scotland’s Farm Advisory Service

Scottish Crofting Federation

Scottish Machinery Rings

Scottish Tenant Farmers Association

Scottish Association of Young Farmers Clubs